19 فبراير 2018
The fate of the outstanding Soviet cinematographer Vladislav Mikosha reveals an amazing symmetry of places, synchronism of people and events. an analyst of the twentieth century who kept a lot of its great and dreadful events for us: of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior demolition, Mount Elbrus ascent, voyage to the Arctic by «Smolensk» steamship and rescue of Cheluskin sailors
I felt the world as a reality, I perceived it emotionally,
not analytically. In my veins, the blood of seafarers
and discoverers, and not historians and researchers, flowed .
And the chronicle, which I regularly led all my life, was more like a
"ship magazine" than a "Tale of Bygone Years"
Archive of Soviet and Russian Olympic uniforms over the past 110 years - the history of the Olympic Games
13 فبراير 2018
يطلق الأوروبيون على القهوة العربية اسم "خمر الإسلام" - هيرمان بورخارت صورة للقبائل العربية في عام 1904
مونرو (ساكي) :ان مسألة البلقان هي خزانة الأمس لنا, إن أراضي البلقان مثيرة للاهتمام بشكل خاص بالنسبة لنا في هذه الأيام السريعة الحركة لأنها توفر لنا آخر لمحة متبقية عن فترة التلاشي في التاريخ الأوروبي وانحسار الاسلام في اوروبا - قبل قتله 1916 من قناص الماني
The Balkans have long been the last surviving shred of happy hunting-ground for the adventurous, a playground for passions that are fast becoming atrophied for want of exercise. In old bygone days we had the wars in the Low Countries always at our doors, as it were; there was no need to go far afield into malaria-stricken wilds if one wanted a life of boot and saddle and licence to kill and be killed. Those who wished to see life had a decent opportunity for seeing death at the same time.”
The Balkan lands are especially interesting to us in these rapidly-moving days because they afford us the last remaining glimpse of a vanishing period of European history. When I was a child one of the earliest events of the outside world that forced itself coherently under my notice was a war in the Balkans; I remember a sunburnt, soldierly man putting little pin-flags in a war-map, red flags for the Turkish forces and yellow flags for the Russians. It seemed a magical region, with its mountain passes and frozen rivers and grim battlefields, its drifting snows, and prowling wolves; there was a great stretch of water that bore the sinister but engaging name of the Black Sea—nothing that I ever learned before or after in a geography lesson made the same impression on me as that strange-named inland sea, and I don’t think its magic has ever faded out of my imagination. And there was a battle called Plevna that went on and on with varying fortunes for what seemed like a great part of a lifetime; I remember the day of wrath and mourning when the little red flag had to be taken away from Plevna—like other maturer judges, I was backing the wrong horse, at any rate the losing horse. And now to-day we are putting little pin-flags again into maps of the Balkan region, and the passions are being turned loose once more in their playground.”
“Life is held very cheap in those parts,”
12 فبراير 2018
لماذا يعيش أُناس ويموتون دون أن يجدوا السعادة الحقيقية
The Myths of Happiness
Self-esteem and likability: Separating fact from fantasy
Why Are Some People Happier Than Others
Shadows gone, break of day
Real life has begun
11 فبراير 2018
لا مزيد من الرسامين، لا مزيد من الكتاب الموسيقيين النحاتين الديانات الإمبرياليين الفوضويين الاشتراكيين البلاشفة السياسيين البروليتاريين الديمقراطيين، لا مزيد من الجيوش والشرطة كفى سخافات لم يبق شيء، لم يبق شيء شيء.. ولا شيء
No more painters, no more writers, no more musicians, no more sculptors, no more religions, no more republicans, no more royalists, no more imperialists, no more anarchists, no more socialists, no more Bolsheviks, no more politicians, no more proletarians, no more democrats, no more armies, no more police, no more nations, no more of these idiocies, no more, no more, NOTHING, NOTHING, NOTHING
القصيدة التربوية 1920 - 1928 وهي تقنية الروسي ماكارنكو كيف تكون مجتمعاً واعياً من الأطفال الصعاب التربية في احدي الاصلاحيات للأطفال المجرمين والمشردين غوركي
graduation paper, “Crisis of Modern Pedagogies,” was highly appraised for its unusual approach. For his educational achievements Makarenko was honored with a golden medal, the highest award in Soviet schools and colleges. After graduating from college Makarenko was advised to continue his scientific research in the field of pedagogy, but Anton chose to become a practicing teacher. He worked in the colleges of Krukov and Poltava until 1920 when he was invited to head the Poltava Colony for Young Offenders
Based on pedagogic literature and his own research and experience, Makarenko believed that upbringing and proper education were the most important factors influencing the formation and development of an individual. His point of view contrasted with the practical standards of the times. At the beginning of the 20th century, the majority of teachers believed each individual had a number of congenital characteristics that determined his or her personality. Makarenko did not agree that a person is “initially good” or
“initially bad.” He was sure that everyone, especially children and teenagers, needed respect and understanding. Makarenko also rejected physical punishment, a common measure of his times.
After proving the effectiveness of his system in the Poltava Colony, in 1927 Makarenko was appointed as the head of an orphanage for street children near Kharkov. Thousands of children in the Soviet Union became orphans following the Civil War and World War I. Left without parental love and care many of them became juvenile criminals. The orphanage near Kharkov was known as the place where the most incorrigible thieves and swindlers were put into rehabilitation. An innovative educator, Makarenko succeeded in gaining their respect. In his upbringing of the troubled orphans he combined insistence and respect, school education and productive labor.
The methods developed by Anton Makarenko were highly appreciated by Soviet writer Maxim Gorky who believed that Makarenko’s “pedagogical experiment is meaningful for the whole world.” Inspired by Gorky, the writer whom he admired, Makarenko wrote the “The Pedagogical Poem,” based on the true stories of his pupils from the orphanage for street children. In his book Makarenko showed how proper education could turn uncontrollable and aggressive teenagers into worthy and responsible citizens. “The Pedagogical Poem,” Makarenko’s principal publication, was a great success not only in the USSR, but also abroad. Anton Makarenko earned a reputation as a progressive, innovative and talented educator.
A script for THE ILLUSIONIST was originally written by French comedy genius and cinema legend Jacques Tati as a love letter from a father to his daughter, but never produced. Sylvain Chomet, the Oscar-nominated and critically acclaimed creator of The Triplets of Belleville, adapted the script and brought it to life in his distinctive hand-drawn animated style.
08 فبراير 2018
The Journal of Ottoman Calligraphy (JOC) is dedicated to Islamic Art and Ottoman script calligraphy. Calligraphy was a skill to be mastered, and it was heavily used to express religious sentiment and many other aspects of personal and cultural life. Therefore Islamic calligraphy is more than handwriting. It is a “spiritual technique”
Moalla calligraphy is based on the calligrapher’s own subjective and imaginative interpretation of various calligraphic styles which influence the new style indirectly as visual models.
07 فبراير 2018
A historical romance set in the Mughal Empire. Selima (Enakshi) is a princess-foundling raised by a potter and loved by her brother, Shiraz (Rai). She is abducted and sold as a slave to Prince Khurram, later Emperor Shah Jehan (Roy), who falls for her, to the chagrin of the wily Dalia (Seeta Devi). When Selima is caught is Shiraz, the young man is condemned to be trampled to death by an elephant. A pendant reveals Selima's royal status and she saves her brother, marries the prince and becomes Empress Mumtaz Mahal while Dalia is banned for her machinations against Selima. When Selima dies (1629), the emperor builds her a monument to the design of the now old and blind Shiraz, the Taj Mahal
George Orwell played his part in government ‘propaganda’ in the 1940s. BBC
Examples of IRD’s early work include reports on Soviet gulags and the promotion of anti-communist literature. George Orwell’s work was actively promoted by the unit. Shortly before his death in 1950, Orwell even gave it a list of left-wing writers and journalists “who should not be trusted” to spread IRD’s message. During that decade, the department even moved into British domestic politics by setting up a “home desk” to counter communism in industry
06 فبراير 2018
The oldest known photographs of Tehran and Iran were made in the 1850s by the Italian photographer Luigi Pesce (1818-1891). "Photographic album of Persia" ( Album fotografico della Persia ) Major-General Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson (1810-1895). Recently this rare album was purchased by the Getty Research Institute
04 فبراير 2018
Hedgehog finds himself in a surreal and often frightening world inhabited by shapes which are not always identifiable and various creatures ranging from dangerous predators to benevolent animals, in a world of silence and rustles, of darkness, tall grass and enchanting stars
في فجر التلفزيون في أوائل الخمسينيات، شاهدت مجموعة واسعة من الجماعات والأفراد الأقوياء - من المثقفين الليبراليين البارزين إلى الشركات الضخمة - في التلفزيون قدرة فريدة للتأثير على الجماهير الأميركية، (على حد تعبير الفيلسوف الأمريكي مورتيمر أدلر"الأفكار التي يجب أن تكون في عقل كل مواطن".
At the dawn of television in the early 1950s, a broad range of powerful groups and individuals—from prominent liberal intellectuals to massive corporations—saw in TV a unique capacity to influence the American masses, shaping (in the words of the American philosopher Mortimer Adler) “the ideas that should be in every citizen’s mind.”
01 فبراير 2018
وقال «تشيشيرين»مفوض الشؤون الخارجية السوفييتي للشؤون الخارجية والدبلوماسيين العرب في مذكرته إلى «جوزيف ستالين»، الذي دعا إلى تعيين مسلم سوفييتي مبعوثا إلى الحجاز، أن «الدخول إلى مكة المكرمة له أهمية حاسمة بالنسبة لنا، لأنه سيزيد من نفوذنا في شبه الجزيرة العربية وخارجها»، واعترف بأن الحج السنوي إلى مكة، كان فرصة مثالية للوصول إلى الآلاف من المسلمين من المستعمرات البريطانية والفرنسية وإشعال المشاعر المعادية للاستعمار.
وفي أغسطس/آب عام 1924، وصل القنصل السوفييتي العام «كريم حكيموف»، وهو مسلم سوفييتي يعود أصله إلى التتار، إلى جدة، وبعد وصول «حكيموف» إلى جدة مباشرة، أطلق «عبدالعزيز بن سعود» حملته للسيطرة الحجاز، الأمر الذي ترك الدبلوماسيين السوفييتيين في مأزق وحيرة لاختيار الانحياز إلى أي جانب
Georgy Chicherin, the Soviet People’s commissar for foreign affairs, how important his vision of the Arabian Peninsula and its role in the Muslim world was. Advocating the appointment of a Soviet Muslim as envoy to Hejaz, Chicherin noted in his memo to Joseph Stalin that “Getting into Mecca is of crucial importance to us because it would increase our influence in Arabia and beyond.” He recognised that the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the Hajj, was a perfect opportunity to reach out to thousands of Muslims from the British and French colonies and flare up anti-colonial sentiment.
In August 1924, Soviet Consul General Karim Khakimov, a Soviet Muslim of Tatar descent, arrived in Jeddah. Soon after Khakimov’s arrival in Jeddah